Revolutions

Russian Revolution timeline – September 1917

Russian Revolution timeline – September 1917

This is the seventh in our series on the events of 1917. Dates are given in the old style Julian calendar used in Russia at the time. This was 13 days earlier than the Gregorian calendar (adopted in Russia in 1918). The Bolshevik party still faces state repression, many of its leaders in prison or […]

Russian Revolution timeline – July/August 1917

Russian Revolution timeline – July/August 1917

Below we look at the events of July and August 1917 in Russia. Dates are given in the old style Julian calendar used in Russia at the time. This was 13 days earlier than the Gregorian calendar (adopted in Russia in 1918). The economy is in crisis, with inflation out of control and workers thrown […]

Finding a Route to Socialism USA

Finding a Route to Socialism USA

At the end of June, amid a growing discussion about socialism in the US, Bhaskar Sunkara wrote an important op-ed in the New York Times entitled ‘Socialism’s Future May Be Its Past’. ALAN JONES wrote a contribution on behalf of Socialist Alternative. This is an edited version – the full article is here, from the […]

Russian Revolution: May and June 1917

Russian Revolution: May and June 1917

May and June: Provisional Government weak but revolutionary movement not yet able to take power The situation is one of dual power: the weakness of the Provisional Government is becoming increasingly clear; the revolutionary movement not yet able to take control. Right-wing social democrats are poised to join a coalition with the capitalist and pro-tsarist […]

Alexandra Kollontai: Pioneer of the Struggle for Socialism and Women’s Liberation

Alexandra Kollontai: Pioneer of the Struggle for Socialism and Women’s Liberation

As a new generation of women move into struggle, Christine Thomas looks back at the life and ideas of the Russian revolutionary, Alexandra Kollontai, a pioneer of the struggle for socialism and women’s liberation. Alexandra Kollontai is probably the best-known woman among Russian revolutionaries, the first woman elected as a full member of the Bolshevik […]

Russian Revolution: Overthrow of the Tsar to Edge of Power: February to October

Russian Revolution: Overthrow of the Tsar to Edge of Power: February to October

The February revolution in Russia, started by women striking on International Working Women’s Day, quickly pushed aside the Tsar. The main demands were Bread, Peace and Down with the Autocracy (feudal dictatorship). The next nine months were a living struggle around these slogans. A revolution is not an event; it is a process. Two Opposing […]

Russian Revolution: March 1917 – After the fall of Czarism, what next for the revolution?

Russian Revolution: March 1917 – After the fall of Czarism, what next for the revolution?

The overthrow of Tsarist rule in February and the winning of some important democratic rights did not mean the end of the revolution. Rather it was the beginning of the struggle to determine what would be the shape of the new Russia that the vast majority of the population wished for. Immediate issues were posed […]

Russian Revolution: February 1917 – Lessons for today’s struggles against dictatorship

Russian Revolution: February 1917 – Lessons for today’s struggles against dictatorship

In the February Revolution of 1917, (March in today’s calendar) the centuries-old system of Russian tsarism came crashing down. It was the working class especially of the capital Petrograd that made this revolution, spurred into action by the heroic women workers. The emblem of the February Revolution was the red flag of the international working […]

Russian Revolution: February 1917

Russian Revolution: February 1917

Russia in February 1917 was a mass of tensions and contradictions. The slaughter of war seemed endless, the countryside remained gripped by feudal backwardness, the workers in the cities were hungry and angry and millions of national minorities were locked in the oppression of the empire. The soldiers were often sent to the front without […]

Why the Revolution Matters Today

Why the Revolution Matters Today

 In 1917, the Russian people, especially the working class, took control of society and history. The October Revolution delivered Peace, Bread and Land by ending the slaughter of the Russian soldiers, cutting the working day to eight hours and distributing the feudal estates to the peasants. The new government introduced sweeping democratic gains for women, […]